Marriage breakup reasons of divorced applicant Couples

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

Assistant professor of counseling, Kharrazmi University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of the present research was to examine the reasons for marriage breakup from the perspective of the couples who were applicants for divorce.
Materials and methods: The sample consisted of 28 couples, who were applicants for divorce in the Judiciary House of Kermanshah. Participants were recruited through purposeful criterion sampling procedures and interviewed accordingly. Couples who met criterions include at least, 2 years of marriage, experiencing chronic and severe conflict and the reason of applying for divorce must not be acute psycho-physiological complications or special disabilities which make the continuation of marital life difficult.
Results: The data in this research were collected through conducting in-depth interviews with couples, one member of which was applicants for divorce. The reasons for marriage failure among the research sample include Premarital Factors like Marriage with Improper Motive, escaping from social pressures and unpleasant atmosphere of paternal house and coerced wedding and Post-marriage factors encompass, Little presence of husband at home and the continuation of celibacy bonds ,Non-separation from the family of origin, Non-separation from the family of origin, Gender role conflicts, Lack of sexual attraction, violence, infidelity, Suspicion, Financial problems, Addiction.
Conclusion: Theoretical and research localization and designing interventions on the basis of contextual knowledge are important suggestions and at the same time challenging that can be deduced from the findings of the present research

Keywords


Aghajanian, A., & Moghadas, A. A. (1998). Correlates and consequences of divorce in an Iranian city. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 28 (3-4), 53-71. [In Persian].

Amato, P. R. (2010). Research on Divorce: Continuing Trends and New Developments. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72, 650 – 666

Amato, P. R., & Previti, D. (2003). People's Reasons for Divorcing: Gender, Social Class, the Life Course, and adjustment. Journal of Family Issues, 24(5),602-626.

Baucom, D. H., Hahlweg, K., David C. Atkins, D. C., Engl, J., &Thurmaier, F. (2006). Long-Term Prediction of Marital Quality Following a Relationship Education Program: Being Positive in a Constructive Way. Journal of Family Psychology, 20(3), 448–45.

Bloom, B. L., Niles, R. L., & Tatter, A. M. (1985). Sources of marital dissatisfaction among newly separated persons. Journal of Family Issues, 6, 359-373.

Chan, S. H. C., & Mostaffa, M. S. (2008). Divorce in Malaysia. In: Seminar Kaunseling Keluarga, 30 Ogos 2008, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Chang, J. (2003). Self-reported reasons for divorce and correlates of psychological well-being among immigrant Korean women. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 40(1/2), 111-128.

Chang, J. (2004). Self-Reported Reasons for Divorce and Correlates of Psychological Well-Being among Divorced Korean Immigrant Women. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 40(1), 111 - 128.

Cleek, M. G., & Pearson, T. A. (1985). Perceived causes of divorce: An analysis of interrelationships. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 47, 179-183.

Creswell, J.W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Fletcher, G. J. O. (1983). Sex Differences in Causal Attributions for Marital Separation. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 12, 82–89.

Granvold, D. K., Pedler, L. M., & Schellie, S. G.  (1979). A study of sex role expectancy and female post-divorce adjustment. Journal of Divorce, 2(4), 383-393.

Huston, T L. (2000). The social ecology of marriage and other intimate unions. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 298-320.

Iran Census Bureau. (2010). Divorce Census. Available at: http://www.amar.org.ir/Portals/0/sarshomari90/sarshomari90_nahaii.pdf

Khojastehmehr, R., & Takrimi, A. (2009). Characteristics of effective teachers: Perceptions of the English teachers. Journal of Education & Psychology, 3 (2), 53- 66. [In Persian].

Kitson, G., & Sussman, M. (1982), Marital complaints, demographic characteristics and symptoms of mental distress in divorce. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 44(1), 87-101.

Kittson, G. C. (1992). Portrait of divorce: Adjustment to marital breakdown. New York: Guilford.

Madathil, J., & Benshoff, J. M. (2008). Importance of Marital Characteristics and Marital Satisfaction: A Comparison of Asian Indians in Arranged Marriages and Americans in Marriages of Choice. The Family Journal, 16(3), 222-230.

Moore, V. L., & Schwebel, A. I. (1993). Factors contributing to divorce: study of race differences. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 20(1/2), 123-135.

Morgan, L. (1992). The economic fallout from divorce: Issues for the 1990s .Journal of Family and economic issues, 13, 435-443.

Savaya, R., & Cohen, O. (2003). Divorce Among Moslem Arabs Living in Israel Comparison of Reasons Before and After the Actualization of the Marriage. Journal of Family Issues, 24(3), 338-351.

Sweet, J. A. & Bumpass, L. (1990). American Families and Households. York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Zargar, F., & Neshatdoost, H. T. (2008). Divorce incidence factors in Falavarjan Township (of Isfahan). Journal of Family Research, 3, 737- 749[In Persian].