High school teachers Sensation seeking, quality of life and hope of life

Document Type: Original Article


1 M.A student of educational psychology, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran

2 PhD of educational psychology, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran


This paper examines relationship between Sensation seeking and quality of life with hope of life in Tehran high school teachers. Sample consists of 367 teachers which have chosen by multi-cluster random sampling. Quality of life questionnaire, life hopes questionnaire and sensation seeking questionnaire were employed to collect data. Data analysis involved both descriptive and inferential statistics including mean, standard deviation, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multi stage regression analysis and sequential equation modeling. Finding reveals that Sensation seeking, hope of life and life quality can significantly predict quality of life. Among 7 sub variables of sensation seeking 3 sub variables (total sensation seeking variety seeking and get redness) and hope of life and motivation in hope of life variable have significant effect on quality of life. Finally all factor load predicted latent variables significantly.  Positive sensation seeking helps teacher to increase their hope of life.  


Billington, R., Landon, J., Krägeloh, C. U., & Shepherd, D. (2010). The New Zealand. World Health Organization quality of life (WHOQOL) Group. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1315), 65-70.

Cella, D. F. (1995). Measuring quality of life in palliative care. Seminars in Oncology, 22(3), 73-81.

Chen, M. J., Su, C. C., Kwon, D. K., Cormack, L. K., & Bovik, A. C. (2013). Full-reference quality assessment of stereo pairs accounting for rivalry. Signal Processing: Image Communication, 28(9), 1143-1155.

Fiori, M., & Antonakis, J. (2012). Selective attention to emotional stimuli: What IQ and openness do, and emotional intelligence does not. Journal of Intelligence, 40, 245–254.

Gallagher, M. W., & Lopez, S. J. (2009). Positive expectancies and mental health: Identifying the unique contributions of hope and optimism. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 4(6), 548-556.

Giné, C., Vilaseca, R., Gràcia, M., Mora, J., Ramón Orcasitas, J., Simón, C., ... & Simó-Pinatella, D. (2013). Spanish Family Quality of Life Scales: Under and over 18 years old. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 38(2), 141-148.

Jenaabadi H, Nastiezaie N. A. (2011) comparison of aggression, anxiety and depression in high school students in Saravan city. Journal of Urmia Nursing And Midwifery Faculty, 9(3), 0-0 [In Persian].

Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30, 607-610.

Lu, H. Y. (2008). Sensation seeking, internet dependency and online interpersonal deception. Cyber Psychology and Behavior. 11(2), 227-231.

Mariani, F., Perez-Barahona, A., & Raffin, N. (2010). Hope of life and environment. Journal of Economic Dynamic & Control, 34, 798-815.

Marsh, H. W., Hau, K. T., & Grayson, D. (2005). Goodness of fit evaluation in structural equation modeling. In A. Maydeu-Olivares & J. McCardle (Eds.), Contemporary psychometrics. A festschrift to Roderick P. McDonald (pp. 275-340). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Maslowsky, J., Buvinger, E., Keating, D. P., Steinberg, L. & Cauffman, E. (2011).  Cost-benefit analysis mediation of the relationship between sensation seeking and risk behavior among adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 51(7), 802-806.

McMillan, S. C., & Weitzner, M. (1998). Quality of life in cancer patients. Cancer Practice, 6(5), 282-288.

Mental Health Services Palliative Care Development Group. (2008). Quality of life; the important of hope. Palliative Care Resource Manual.

Ortin, A., Lake, A. M., Kleinman, M., & Gould, M. S. (2012). Sensation seeking as risk factor for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in adolescence. Journal of Affective Disorders, 143, 214-222.

Radina, M. E (2013). Toward a Theory of Health-Related Family Quality of Life. Journal of Family Theory & Review, 5, 35–50.

Sanchez-Alvarez, R., Martinez-Outschoorn, U. E., Lamb, R., Hulit, J., Howell, A., Gandara, R., ... & Sotgia, F. (2013). Mitochondrial dysfunction in breast cancer cells prevents tumor growth: understanding chemoprevention with metformin. Cell Cycle, 12(1), 172-182.

Sands, R. G., Goldberg-Glen, R. S., & Shin, H. (2009). The comparison of quality of life in families with normal and abnormal children: A strengths-resilience perspective. Child Welfare, 88(2), 25–45.

Seligman, M. (2002). Authentic happiness. New York: Free Press.

Snyder, C. R. (2002). Handbook of HOPE: Theory, Measures and Applications, (ed. by C.R. Snyder

Snyder, C.J. & Lopez, S, J. (2007). Positive psychology: The scientific and practical explorations of human strengths. London: Sage.

Stacy, A. W., Newcomb, M. D., & Bentler, P. M. (1993). Cognitive motivations and sensation seeking as long-term predictors of drinking problems. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 12(1), 1-24.

Summers, J. A., Poston, D. J., Turnbull, A. P., Marquis, J., Hoffman, L., Mannan, H., & Wang, M. (2005). Conceptualizing and measuring family quality of life. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49(10), 777–783.

Weisskrich, R. S & Murphy, L. C. (2004). Friends, porn and punk. Sensation seeking, personal relationship, internet activity and music performance among college students. Adolescence, 39(154), 189-201. 

Wisawatapnimit, P. (2009). Assessment of family quality of life among families with a member who has cancer. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Vanderbilt University.

Yadav, S. (2010). Perceived social support, hope and quality of life of person living with HIV; a case study from Nepal. Qual Life Res. Springer Science Business Media.

Zuckerman, M. (1994). Behavioral expressions and biosocial bases of sensation seeking. New York. Cambridge university press.

Zuckerman, M., Ball, S., & Black, J. (1990). Influences of sensation seeking, gender, risk appraisal, and situational motivation on smoking. Addictive behaviors, 15(3), 209-220.